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SCOTUS to Hear Religious Case 12/08 06:56


   WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court is hearing arguments in a challenge 
from parents in Maine who want to use a state tuition program to send their 
children to religious schools.

   The parents argue that their exclusion from the state program violates their 
religious rights under the Constitution. Teacher unions and school boards say a 
ruling for the parents would be a blow to public education.

   The case, being argued Wednesday, is the latest test of religious freedoms 
for a Supreme Court that has favored faith-based discrimination claims.

   In largely rural Maine, the state allows families who live in towns that 
don't have public schools to receive public tuition dollars to send their 
children to the public or private school of their choosing. The program 
excludes religious schools.

   The schools don't even have to be in Maine, or the United States for that 
matter, to qualify, said Michael Bindas, a lawyer with the libertarian public 
interest law firm Institute for Justice. "But if you want to go to the Jewish 
day school or the Catholic parish around the block from your house, no," said 
Bindas, who is arguing the case on behalf of Maine parents.

   Maine Attorney General Aaron Frey argued in a court filing that the issue at 
hand is access to public education. The parents want "a different benefit -- a 
religious education," Frey wrote.

   Last year, the high court ruled 5-4 that states must give religious schools 
the same access to public funding that other private schools receive, 
preserving a Montana scholarship program that had largely benefited students at 
religious institutions.

   But even after that ruling, the 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the 
Maine program, holding that the state was not violating anyone's constitutional 
rights by refusing to allow taxpayer money to be used for religious 
instruction. The three-judge panel included retired Justice David Souter, who 
occasionally hears cases in the appeals court.

   The Supreme Court could use this case to resolve the extent to which 
religious schools may use public funding for explicitly religious activities, 
such as worship services and religious education courses.

   Parents sued in federal court to be able to use state aid to send their 
children to Christian schools in Bangor and Waterville. The schools in 
question, Bangor Christian School and Temple Academy, are uncertain whether 
they would accept public funds, according to court filings.

   The Bangor school said it would not hire teachers or admit students who are 
transgender. Both schools said they do not hire gay or lesbian teachers, 
according to court records.

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